Author Archives: Fred Kahn, M.D, FRCS(C)




Fred Kahn, MD, FRCS(C)

One must always be cognizant that nature and time combine to heal many pathologies, particularly if there is no secondary interference. Many therapies currently utilized to promote healing actually obstruct this process. When healing does occur it is often ascribed to whatever modalities or technologies are applied and we point out this erroneous line of reasoning.

Allowing the body’s natural proclivities to heal, along with rest, are essential to the resolution of many disease processes, the majority of which are denoted by an inflammatory process. Exercise, pharmaceuticals and other inappropriate therapies are often counterproductive to the efforts required to achieve healing in many pathological situations. Medications mask symptoms and do not address the causative factors and along with many other therapies which may be contraindicated, encourage conditions to become chronic or “stall” the healing process.  This has been proven by introducing the standards of evidence-based medicine and also understanding the neuroplasticity of the brain, which is increasingly stressed in the up to date literature.

BioFlex Laser Therapy Systems are specifically designed to resolve causative factors which produce symptoms and work in conjunction with nature’s ability to achieve that end. In our culture of instant gratification and the inappropriate influences of advertising, many therapists are advised how to promote healing, although many of those recommended methods may actually disrupt the homeostatic status or at best, prolong the duration of the particular disease involved. Again, it should be noted that Laser Therapy Systems work in conjunction with nature and the control of environmental factors that may often be an impediment on the road to healing.

Degenerative osteoarthritis, a common condition with its accompanying chronic/acute pain patterns almost genetically imprinted, the so-called “non-healable ulcer” of an extremity of many years duration, spinal stenosis which may often confine patients to their beds for prolonged periods of time and a host of other problematic conditions are generally resistant to the majority of technologies applied today — the reason, they are directed to reduce the severity of symptoms, rather than addressing the resolution of the pathology responsible for these sensations, such as pain.

Over 50% of the conditions treated daily at the Meditech Clinics consist of these types of problems and in over 90% we achieve relative cures in a short period of time. One must realize that this cannot be accomplished by treating the economically dictated 5, 10 or even 15 minutes, except in instances of minimal to moderate type lesions. Not only is the duration of significance but also the development of scientifically developed protocols that withstand the scrutiny of evidence-based practice. Therapy must be applied for each individual condition in a somewhat controlled manner in order to produce consistent positive results; this recalls the dictum that one size does not fit all. Duration of treatment must relate to the chronicity of the condition, the extent of the pathology and the consideration of many other factors including activity levels, the environment, etc.

It is interesting to note that misleading advertisements in the laser industry often claim that Class IV lasers, as opposed to Class III devices, penetrate deeper, require only milliseconds of application, heal faster, etc.; nothing could be further from the truth. Not only are these statements incorrect but they have never been supported by any scientific evidence. If lesions do heal, in some instances this unquestionably is the result of the body’s natural healing mechanisms and the passage of time and probably more expeditiously than with the introduction and interference of so called healing modalities.

Unfortunately misleading and false advertising, so common in our culture, does not refer to the many aspects of therapy required to resolve any particular medical problem i.e. the individualization of each pathological process, the application of the correct protocols including the duration of treatment required for resolution. Understanding the Science of Laser Therapy, the pathological changes and the physiology of the cells are guidelines that must be carefully considered with regard to each individual patient’s condition.

Commentary: Hospitals ‘deeply sorry’ for lung cancer misdiagnosis


This commentary is in reference to a recent article published in the Toronto Star:

The press or media, as it is commonly termed, whether indulging in sensationalism or good investigative reporting, definitely has a sacred place in our society, and deservedly so, as the case cited in this instance illustrates. In my recent memory, at least over the past decade, we have had the debacle at Sick Children’s Hospital in Toronto, where a number of cardiac deaths occurred under circumstances which have never been fully explained. Then there was the frenzy over a drug undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of sickle cell anemia which involved a major generic pharmaceutical manufacturer. My interpretation of that situation was that the manufacturer attempted to force the principal researcher in charge of the trials to alter the results. Many lawsuits resulted and may still be operative. The same manufacturer has recently been charged by Health Canada with producing contaminated drugs under substandard conditions. Many lawsuits have ensued and are still ongoing. Then we heard about the major mix-up with the incorrect pathological interpretations of breast cancers in Newfoundland and now this matter of a lung tumour. It is certain that the latter is not an isolated instance. Periodically we hear about the incompetent pathologist who may be undergoing personal stress, utilizing inappropriate drugs or may even be suffering from a mental illness. Clearly, as history would indicate, these cases are never simple, however they indicate a persistent and probable growing trend.

How many radiological studies, pathological interpretations and routine blood tests are reported incorrectly on a daily basis? If I may hazard a guess, probably somewhere between 3-10%; at the same time, even 1% would be too high and validates the growing hazard of lack of care and responsibility and today’s gold standard of mediocrity. Realistically the percentage, whatever it may be, is undesirable, particularly if one is the patient involved.

Fortunately, the individual in this instance had the intelligence and the resources to obtain another opinion, which for the average individual is generally not possible. The move the patient made clearly saved his life. Most importantly, it demonstrates again the lack of care and attention and the substandard fashion in which our society functions.

In a medical system controlled by governments, insurance companies and the pharmaceutical industry, primarily interested in their individual vested interests, this trend is hardly surprising. Unfortunately, no one is taking the necessary steps to counter this trend. Only education and legislation can arrest and reverse these occurrences and no one appears to be interested in these processes.

For the individual physician, it is still of the utmost importance to listen to the patient tell their story and to perform a thorough physical examination. Invariably, this will provide the correct diagnosis, which can then be confirmed, if necessary, by the appropriate studies and tests. This simple and effective approach to healthcare has long fallen by the wayside. No significant medical education reviews have been carried out since the Rockefeller Report (the Flexner Study), was performed between 1910-1915.

Further evidence of the deterioration of health care is portrayed by the banners with their bold slogans adorning the hospitals on University Avenue in Toronto. Much is stated that is simply not true. The banners advertising these fundraising efforts which promise to help sick children, provide cures for cancer, etc. appear to be primarily directed to generate the millions of dollars required by the propagators of these efforts under the guise of helping the sick and underprivileged. The money being mined by these industrial fundraisers, after their not inconsiderable portion has been amputated, ends up in the same government financial pool as our tax dollars, which are treated as the politician’s personal hoard, to disburse at their discretion. Clearly, this is an inappropriate manner in which to fund healthcare and unless our leadership changes, or at least changes course, these events will become more prevalent. Why have these inappropriate and, from my perspective, adverse activities enmeshed the healthcare system? The answer: excessive regulation devoid of intellectual input, along with the destruction of independent thought and the status of the individual. Everything must become systematized and conform to the frequently inappropriate regulations of the bodies that control all activities in this area. 1984? — more like 3084. Fundraising has become an enterprise that only serves its own interests and the patient is merely used as a pawn to achieve their objectives.

At this time, it is best for the independent practitioner to focus on preventative medicine, encourage the ingestion of a healthy diet, exercise in moderation and avoid the politics and misrepresentations of the health, food and nutritional industries.

Protect your health through education and the adoption of an appropriate lifestyle.



Arthritis can be a severely debilitating and painful disorder that affects 4.5 million Canadians aged 15 years and older. Translated into simple terms, it affects 1 in 6 of our citizens. Unfortunately, conventional therapies including analgesics, biologics, surgery and over the counter remedies provide limited long-term benefit in addressing the underlying pathology and symptoms of this condition.

Laser Therapy, an emerging technology approved by Health Canada, is highly effective in relieving the symptoms of arthritic pain and rapidly increases the patient’s mobility without the utilization of any medications. Moreover, there are no adverse effects associated with the application of this therapy.

At our Meditech Laser Rehabilitation Centres, we have consistently achieved significant improvement with regard to the symptoms of arthritis involving the spine, knees, shoulders, hands and other joints. Laser Therapy is non-invasive, pain-free and provides the most potent anti-inflammatory effect known. In addition, it acts as an analgesic but most significantly, it promotes the regeneration of new cells, replacing those that are functioning at subliminal levels.

Fifty years of published research supports and validates that this therapeutic option is more effective than traditional approaches currently in vogue and should therefore be more widely utilized by healthcare professionals and patients seeking effective alternative solutions. The dissemination of education with regard to Laser Therapy is paramount to increase patient and clinician awareness of the technology. As a final comment, it is our experience that this is the most effective therapeutic solution to resolve the challenges presented by arthritic degeneration.

Nilo Schonfeld Wins Long Drive Competition Using BioFlex Laser Therapy System


Nilo Schonfeld, a graduate of the University of Toronto, led a Canadian contingent to a championship win at the el Torneo Internacional Long Drive Challenge competition in Mexico last November.

Recently, I had the opportunity to play a round with him and he drove a 336 yard uphill, par 4 at Angus Glen Golf Club. He missed the eagle putt by less than 4 inches- quite impressive to say the least.

Nilo is pleased to state that he has been utilizing a Bioflex Laser Therapy System for home use for 6 years and uses it prior to competitions and subsequently for 20 to 40 minutes. He credits frequent application to the areas of involvement for his asymptomatic status, despite a rigorous physical training schedule.

When he first presented at our clinic 6 years ago, he had severe pain in both shoulders, the neck and frequently, the lower back. Nilo has learned how to apply Laser Therapy on a preventative basis, in order to help him continue to compete at high levels in golf and the other sporting activities he pursues.

We congratulate him on his singular achievement!

BioFlex Laser Therapy at Meditech


One of the key elements at Meditech clinics is that we are always receptive to patient comments. Unfortunately pain, once it has become established, does not cease on Saturdays, Sundays or Holidays. It is for this reason that our clinics are open 7 days each week, with the exception of the 11 statutory government designated holidays, which dictate that we are not allowed to be open. So much for government intelligence levels and regulations. Most important of all, patients are always greeted in a positive manner and are not required to apologize for being late or other insignificant matters.

Pain, although characterized in many ways by the pharmaceutical industry, is a symptom that is generally unrelenting. For purposes of advertising, drugs are prescribed for breakthrough pain, night pain and other descriptive terms. This is erroneous as pain is simply just that – “pain”.

Moreover, it is even more important to understand that pain is only a symptom, not a disease. At our clinics we therefore focus on curing the pathology or the clinical condition that causes the pain, rather than masking the symptoms, which is a significant aspect of this equation. We are less concerned with pain management than eradicating the cause responsible for the symptoms. With Laser Therapy this can be accomplished sometimes after 1 or 2 but generally over a course of 8 -30 treatment sessions.

The administration of Laser Therapy also requires determining the correct dosage or therapeutic protocol that will produce the optimal effect in that particular individual. This includes the appropriate combination of LEDs and laser diodes applied for each specific condition.

The parameters that must be considered in order to develop specific protocols include the frequency of the pulse, duty cycle, wave form, wave length, duration and other modulations of the laser light source. The guidelines to that endeavor are dictated by the patient’s response to symptoms, based on the genetic makeup of the patient’s cells, the sensitivity to light of the individual cells, etc. These factors are all of considerable importance. Unlike drugs where one dose appears to fit all, Laser Therapy is adjusted for the individual patient, taking into account the many factors involved; these include the patient’s dermal pigmentation, adipose tissue content, chronicity of the disease, etc. Again, unlike drugs, one size does not fit all but must be carefully and creatively calculated for each individual patient and those not responding to standard protocol settings.

The subtleties of in this therapeutic approach are guided by observation, clinical change, both subjective and objective, and the general and specific effects produced. The resulting outcome is dependent on and correlated with careful attention to these details.

Simply shining laser light on to the tissues will bring benefit calculated from 20-60% but giving proper attention to the many factors involved, can potentially achieve a 100% cure rate. This approach may not be as simple as writing a prescription, which although in many instances can be effective, generally does not provide a permanent solution. Laser Therapy on the other hand is able to achieve a relatively complete resolution of medical conditions where its use is correctly applied, in over 90% of all cases treated.



Although these devices are currently highly touted by individual manufacturers and their paid proponents, they need to be regarded with a critical eye.

First of all, these systems operate at high energy levels and may therefore be bioinhibitory and I quote the Arndt Shultz Law which states that a small dosage of light may have no biological effect, a moderate dosage may have a biostimulatory effect, and a large dosage may have a bioinhibitory or even cytotoxic effect. Moreover, Class IV devices do not reduce the severity of the inflammatory process so essential to therapy and do not accelerate the regeneration of individual cells. Indeed in review, they have proven to slow wound healing and accordingly their advertising hype never mentions the healing of wounds. It should be observed that the healing of wounds does not differ from the healing of other tissues, notwithstanding the existing degree of pathology. The generation of the heat imposed also detracts from the effectiveness of therapy.

Wavelengths from the 900-1000 level are primarily absorbed by lipids and water and therefore have minimal effect on the cells involved in the pathological process. Once again, it should be noted that Class IV Lasers are not applied directly to the tissues because to do so would cause burns using the high powered settings recommended. The 980 nm diodes incorporated in Class IV Lasers do not increase penetration, as much of the light energy is absorbed superficially and more rapidly, leading to heat generation. This diminishes the physiological benefits so essential to cellular activity.

It should be noted that Tuner and Hode, who have a good grasp of the physics of laser light, do not recommend Class IV Lasers and state that Class IIIB devices, properly engineered, are most appropriate for cellular healing (excerpted from an article, “No Cure from LiteCure” by Jan Tuner).

However Lasers may be classified, whether Class II, III or IV, it is an extensive combination of factors that are essential to promote cellular healing and the production of optimal clinical outcomes. These include malleable parameters such as pulse frequency, duty cycle, waveform, wavelength, energy density, duration, etc. The diodes utilized must be minimally degradable and applied directly to tissue to achieve maximum benefit. The benefits derived from Class IV Lasers generally, removed some distance from the tissues and covered by either a plastic or glass protective barrier, are negatively affected by the refraction of light as it transverses the atmosphere and reflection as it strikes the epidermal surface.

While curtailing the so-called benefits of higher powered lasers, the degree of power cannot be accurately determined and effects on tissue will therefore be random, unpredictable and potentially produce serious adverse effects.






Patients who have been involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) will probably experience symptoms secondary to intracranial and cervical trauma immediately or at some point subsequent to the episode.  Injuries relating to the thoraco-lumbar spine and the joints in the lower regions of the body are generally less common in this type of trauma. Most frequently, MVAs are responsible for injuries to the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, brainstem and cervical spine.

In cases where the vehicle is struck from the rear, the accident victim may experience a whiplash-type injury as the neck is abruptly moved forward at the time of collision and then rapidly moves posteriorly, the brain striking the cranium during the process.  All the soft tissues in the neck and upper body, including muscles, ligaments and nerves, etc. may also be damaged during this event.

Along with the invariable soft tissue injuries, concussions of varying degrees are a common result of motor vehicle accidents. The latter can cause multiple symptoms to occur at the time of, or long after the accident, often unrelated to the severity of the degree of trauma, even when the patient may not have lost consciousness.

In summary, whenever an external force injures the brain through direct impact or via the acceleration/deceleration forces, symptoms invariably result at some point in time.

In addition to the initial damage at the moment of impact, brain trauma may be accompanied by secondary injuries in which a series of events take place immediately following the event or many weeks or months subsequent to the initial trauma.  Reduction of cerebral perfusion, with decreased oxygenation of the hemispheres, edema and elevated intracranial pressure – all contribute substantially to the damage resulting from these episodes.

Symptoms of TBI are both diverse and complex. They vary with the degree of injury and can be termed mild, moderate or severe.  Again, delayed onset is not uncommon.  Complaints frequently noted include  headaches, pain and stiffness of the cervical spine, dizziness, nausea, vertigo, fatigue, light and sound sensitivity, visual disturbances, general apathy,  amnesia, emotional lability (crying, talkative), cognitive impairment (slow reaction time, memory loss) and most significantly, loss of mental focus and concentration.




Over the past 40 years, Laser Therapy has been increasingly and effectively utilized in the treatment of both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, including degenerative disc disease, repetitive stress injuries, ligament and muscle strains, tears, etc. The technology is a non-invasive, light-based therapy that uses a combination of red and infrared light in the form of superluminous light-emitting and laser diodes.

The power output of these devices is significantly below the level of ablative high-intensity laser devices. Particles of energy, known as “photons”, are emitted from the diodes and absorbed by the cell membrane, numerous molecular components within the cell, the mitochondria, etc. Ultimately this process stimulates cellular metabolism in the damaged tissues.  Moreover, it resolves inflammation and accelerates the healing process, resulting in the elimination of pain.

In instances where trauma is the dominant factor, injuries of the brain and cervical spine are frequently overlooked.  As the brain stem transits the atlanto-occipital junction providing neurological connectors between the cerebral hemispheres and cerebellum to the peripheral areas of the body, the inflammation and compression which may be produced, results in symptoms.

The central nervous system is pivotal in maintaining consciousness and regulating involuntary functions such as the sleep cycle, heart rate, breathing and metabolism, which are affected when trauma occurs.

Traumatic brain injuries and cervical dysfunction often produce concomitant pathologies. Many articles have been published describing the benefits of Laser Therapy in the treatment of acute and chronic cervical pain.  Laser Therapy applied to the cervical spine and other associated structures which may be affected, brings significant benefit. The mechanism of action involves irradiation of the cerebrospinal fluid, increasing arterial perfusion of the cerebral hemispheres and provides a potent anti-inflammatory effect, all of which reduce the symptoms caused by both the initial and delayed effects of the injury.




A 64-year-old woman presented with post-concussion syndrome 10 years subsequent to an MVA.  She experienced a number of symptoms following the accident, including cognitive impairment, visual disturbances, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, numbness/tingling, emotional instability and sensory deficits.   She was also experiencing severe pain in the cervical and lumbar spine, including right-sided sciatic pain which she described as “knife-like”.

A course of Laser Therapy was administered over a period of eight weeks over both areas.  During this period, no other therapy was being administered.

The patient’s pain levels steadily decreased over the course of this period from an initial score of nine out of ten down to a three out of ten. A number of neurological symptoms that she had initially rated in the severe category were reduced to mild or non-existent levels.  These included dizziness, fatigue, emotional lability, feeling mentally foggy and having difficulty concentrating.



Laser Therapy is a proven, highly effective treatment for an extensive range of musculoskeletal and neurological conditions. Whereas ongoing research continues to increase our ability to develop appropriate treatment protocols, we have observed that significant benefit can result in individuals who have sustained an MVA. We feel that this approach has unlimited potential in treating these disease entities and are carrying on extensive research in this area.  To date, our experience has produced positive results beyond our expectations.



All diodes have a finite lifespan, as do all devices whether medical, automotive or other products. This directly relates to the hours of utilization, much as in human bodies where excessive activities, particularly in athletes, leads to early arthritic degeneration.

Fortunately at this time we have been able to find a diode manufacturer who has been able to design custom diodes to meet our specifications. These have been installed in all new equipment since November 2013 and will be the standard for all new devices manufactured at Meditech. For this reason arrays built subsequent to November 2013 will no longer require calibration. The diodes that we are currently installing in all our BioFlex Systems typically exhibit minimal degradation.

In older equipment with 5 years of heavy use or 8-10 years of moderate use, consideration should be given to replacing arrays in order to provide optimal patient outcomes. Again, with the new arrays, minimal degradation occurs and the lifespan of the diodes has been extended to 10 years plus, even with heavy utilization.

Fred Kahn, MD


Meditech International Inc.


Laser Therapy – A New Dimension in Medical Practice


Lasers in Medicine
The focused power of Laser light has been utilized in the field of medicine since the 1960s. Traditionally used for its precision in surgery and its ability to cauterize blood vessels, high-powered Lasers are now routinely used in most hospitals around the world. Dialing down the power of Lasers provides a whole new range of possibilities and clinical applications that can stimulate healing in human tissue. With over 50 years of scientific and clinical research, Low Intensity Laser Therapy has been used to resolve inflammation, repair injured tissue and eliminate pain.

What does Laser Therapy do?
Laser Therapy has been shown to regenerate muscle, bone, cartilage and neurological tissue. All tissue consists of cells, therefore it may be described as healing by restoring the normal structure and function of the cells. Many experiments have demonstrated that Laser expedites and resolves the inflammatory process, which is often arrested in chronic pain conditions, particularly in situations of arthritis, degenerative disc disease, etc. Laser Therapy has no adverse effects and can be safely applied in patients with implants, prosthesis, pacemakers and other medical problems.

What Conditions Can Benefit from Laser Therapy?
Both acute and chronic conditions can benefit significantly from the utilization of Laser Therapy. Acute injuries including soft tissue and sports injuries, trauma and dermatological conditions can generally be resolved in ten treatments or less. The earlier in the course of the disease process that Laser Therapy is instituted, the more likely it is that optimal results can be achieved. Ideally, a patient should initiate treatment within the first 24 hours post-diagnosis.
Chronic conditions including degenerative osteoarthritis, repetitive stress injuries and dermatological wounds may require a more prolonged course of treatment to resolve completely. Compared to the alternatives, including the use of pharmaceuticals and surgery which may offer limited benefit, Laser Therapy is preferable as it produces no side effects or complications from its application.
Recalcitrant, complex wounds, including ulcers secondary to atherosclerosis, diabetes, venous stasis, trauma, etc., along with post-surgical contact ulcers, can all be resolved rapidly with a course of Laser Therapy. Often these wounds have not responded to conventional therapy that may result in life changing outcomes for the patients, including amputation. Even the most stubborn or recalcitrant wounds have responded favorably to Laser Therapy with complete healing over a period of time.

The Potential Role of Laser Therapy in Mainstream Medicine

While Laser Therapy is not yet commonly used in hospital and clinical practices, it is becoming available in a growing number of health care clinics, rehabilitation centres and in institutions that specialize in wound care.
An increasing number of health care associations and institutions are integrating Laser Therapy into their therapeutic programs as a growing body of evidence-based research papers support and validate the technology. It is the hope that in the future Laser Therapy can be considered the treatment of choice in dealing with musculoskeletal conditions, dermal ulcers and many other challenging medical problems.
“Primum non nocere” the Latin phrase that means “first, do no harm” is taught to all physicians and is a fundamental principle of medical practice around the world. With Laser Therapy, there is no concern with regard to harming the patient, only indications that it will significantly improve clinical outcomes.



Since the ancient Egyptians learned how to trephine the cranium, there has been only minimal progress with regard to the treatment of neurological problems. Concussion particularly has persisted throughout the centuries without a viable therapeutic solution regardless of activities, environmental factors and the coexistence of other disease entities.

Recently, this problem has achieved a greater profile as it affects highly paid professional athletes and is often responsible for cognitive disabilities, disruptive behavior patterns and other problems resulting from impacts sustained during athletic activities, particularly in contact sports.

There are many variations of this problem, from minimal to severe and symptoms can negatively impact activity levels, mentation and destroy the quality of life. The effects of this trauma include progressive dysfunctional behavior patterns, many other symptoms, sometimes in unusual combinations and may even lead to suicide. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, which not infrequently includes a history of concussion, should also be added to the list of these pathologies.

Although diagnostic techniques have advanced through the introduction and refinements in interpretation of EEGs, MRIs, PET scans, etc. along with improvement in medical education, therapeutic solutions remain elusive or largely ineffective. The need to find effective therapies for these problems has stimulated our interest and efforts in order to provide viable solutions. The therapeutic aspect of dealing with these diseases clearly must improve and can only be achieved through the process of innovation.

At Meditech, over the past decade particularly, we have been acutely aware of this problem and more recently, supported by a number of neuroscientists, we are in the process of developing effective therapeutic techniques, delivered without adverse components.

At this time we feel that we have made significant progress in this area and continue our research in the effort to improve the development of protocols that relieve symptoms without creating negative effects. To date we are encouraged with the significant symptomatic improvement in patients utilizing Laser Therapy that either had no solutions offered to them previously or had been treated with conventional approaches for many years without any viable benefit.
Meditech International was founded in 1989 and early on the principals directing research recognized these problems. Its products therefore are always designed to have an almost unlimited range of flexibility in applying effective therapy. Parameters can be configured in an infinite number of permutations and combinations to produce protocols that are disease specific. At the same time, Meditech devices permit the extensive customization of protocols for each individual patient. This is of extreme importance and unfortunately is not well recognized within the industry.

In the past year or two, increasingly we see Class IV and higher powered lasers in general being aggressively marketed. In the majority of these devices, the light sources are removed some distance from the tissues in order to avoid damaging the latter. This raises the problem of refraction, as light encounters the epidermis. It should be noted that the light source in Class IV Lasers is invariably covered by plastic or glass in order to avoid burning or otherwise damaging the tissues. Whereas the light source in these systems may be powerful, an indeterminate photon stream arrives at the dermis and the joules of energy penetrating to the deeper tissues cannot be calculated and therefore produce an uncontrollable, random effect. If these arrays were placed directly on the skin, thermal damage and denaturing of the intracellular proteins would result.

Conversely, the BioFlex Laser Therapy Systems regulate the photon stream precisely without any intervention between the light source and the tissues and can therefore produce dosages with total accuracy and optimal healing effect.